Sadness, feeling down, having a loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities are symptoms familiar to all of us. But,if they persist and affect our life substantially, it may be DEPRESSION.
According to the world Health Organisation(WHO), DEPRESSION is the most common illness worldwide and the leading cause of disability. They estimate that 350 million people are affected by DEPRESSION globally.
Here are some key points about depression with more details and supporting information in the body of the article.
- DEPRESSION is more common among women than men
- Life events such as bereavement produce mood changes that can usually be distinguished from the features of DEPRESSION.
- The Causes of depression are not fully understood but are likely to be a complex combination of genetic,biological,environment and psychosocial factors.
- Depression can affect appetite.
- DEPRESSION is a mental health disorder. Specially, it is a mood disorder characterized by persistently low mood in which there is a feeling of sadness and loss of interest.
- DEPRESSION is a persistent problem, not a passing one the average length of a depressive episode is 6-8months.
- DEPRESSION is different from the fluctuation in mood that we all experience as a part of a normal and healthy life. Temporary emotional responses to the challenges of everyday life do not constitute depression.
CAUSES OF DEPRESSION
- Genetic Biological changes in neurotransmitters levels.
- Environmental Psychological and social/Psychosocial.
- Some people are at higher risk of depression than others;risk factors include:
- Life events for example,bereavement,divorce and poverty
- Genetic factors first degree relatives of depressed patients are at higher risk.
- Personality less successful coping strategies for instance.
- Childhood trauma.